What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the body’s ability to produce insulin. Without insulin, the body cannot get the energy it needs from food. Normally, a gland called the pancreas makes insulin – a hormone that carries the sugar in the blood into the cells. In a diabetic’s case, the pancreas fails to supply enough insulin, or the insulin doesn’t work properly.

What is the difference between Type I and Type II diabetes?

There are two major types of diabetes: Type I, commonly called juvenile onset diabetes, and Type II, commonly called adult onset diabetes. Both have similar symptoms, but very different causes.

Type I Diabetes:

Type I Diabetes results from the body’s failure to produce insulin – the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body and allows glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of people who are diagnosed with diabetes have Type I Diabetes. Type I Diabetes has no cure, but the outlook for people who have the disease is far better today than it was just 20 years ago.

Living with Type I Diabetes can still be a challenge, but improvements in patient education, blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery have simplified the daily routine of managing the disease. Thanks to these and other advances, people with Type I Diabetes may now have life expectancies comparable to those of people without diabetes. The risk of disabling complications from Type I Diabetes has also been reduced.

Type II Diabetes:

Type II Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that affects the way your body metabolises blood glucose. Glucose is vital to your health because it’s your body’s main source of fuel.

Type II Diabetes develops when your body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or when your pancreas produces some, but not enough, insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the absorption of sugar into your cells.

What is Sugar?

Sugar is a sweet, soluble, nutritional dietary carbohydrate obtained from sugar cane, which acts as a primary source of energy.

What is raw sugar?

Raw sugar is a tan to brown crystal obtained from clarified sugar cane juice, which is processed to make white or brown sugar.

What is Blue Crystal White Sugar?

White Sugar is produced by dissolving raw sugar crystals and crystallising the purified syrup, thus making white sugar 99.9% pure – the purest food known to man.

Why is sugar used as an ingredient in so many processed foods?

Sugar not only acts as a sweetening and energy agent, but it is also fundamental as a preservative. It contributes to the bulking and flavour of food and it holds moisture, which enables food to have a longer shelf life.

Does sugar make you fat?

For most people, the body prefers to store fats and burn carbohydrates, which invariably means that weight reduction is the result of eating a wide variety of foods including sugar, which forms part of a balanced diet.

Do we need sugar in our diet?

Nutritionists consider carbohydrates to be the primary source of energy. Sugar is an excellent source of carbohydrates and provides many of the nutrients needed by the body to supply energy. As with any food, moderation is the key to a healthy diet.

What is the Glycaemic Index (GI)?

The Glycaemic Index (GI) is simply a ranking of foods on a scale from 1 to 100 according to their immediate effect on blood glucose levels. It is a physiological measure of how fast, and to what extent, a carbohydrate food affects blood glucose levels.

What do low GI foods do?

The Glycaemic Index (GI) is simply a ranking of foods on a scale from 1 to 100 according to their immediate effect on blood glucose levels. It is a physiological measure of how fast, and to what extent, a carbohydrate food affects blood glucose levels.

What are the benefits of a low GI diet?
  • A Low GI diet reduces one’s appetite for quick sugars and carbohydrates,
  • thus avoiding a blood sugar spike
  • It can help to control established diabetes
  • It can help people lose weight
  • It can help lower blood lipids (reduce cholesterol easily)
  • It can help to reduce the risk of heart disease
  • It improves insulin sensitivity and efficiency
  • It can minimise the hypoglycaemic effect of sudden intense exercise
Is sugar suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans?

As sugar is derived from a plant, questions as to its suitability for vegetarians might at first sight seem a bit strange! However, questions have sometimes been asked as to whether any of the processes used in manufacturing sugar might compromise its vegetarian status in any way.

Please be assured that all Huletts sugars are suitable for vegetarians and vegans.

Many years ago, it was common practice to use animal bone char to remove impurities from sugar during processing due to its absorptive properties, but Huletts discontinued this practise more than 30 years ago, even though none of the bone char was ever carried over into the final product.

These days we use much more sophisticated methods to ensure that our sugar is free from impurities. These processes do not compromise the vegetarian/vegan status of our sugar in any way, so that everyone is able to enjoy making every day sweeter.